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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

558                                   THE IRON INDUSTRY.
TABLE XXV-B. Steel Works in the East of France.
Those marked (B) have Bessemer converters.
.  Province.                               Companies.                                    Location.
Meurthe-et-Moselle      Socie'te'   anonyme   des   Acie"ries   de
Longwy  (B)                                        Mont-Salnt-Martia
SociSte   anonyme   des   Acie"ries    de
Mlcheville  (B)                                     Micheville
MM. de Wendel et Cle, Maitres  de
Forges (B)                                          Joeuf
Socie"te"   anonyme  de  Vezin-Aulnoye
(B)                                                      Homecourt
Socle"te" anonyme des Hauts-Four-neaur, Forges et Acle"ries de Pom-pey (B)                                               Pompey
SocifitS anonyme des Forges et Fon-
deries de Montatalre (B)                    Frouard
Meuae                         Socle"te" anonyme des Forges et Aci-
6rles de Commercy                              Commercy
Haute-Marne               Compagnie   des   Forges   de   Cham-
pagne et du Canal de Saint-Dizier      Marnaval-Salnt-a Wassy                                                  Dialer
Ardennes                     MM.   Boutmy   et   Cle,   Maitres   de     Messemp're"-
Forges                                                    Carignan
MM. Lefort et Cle, Maitrea de Forges                                                 Mohon
SEC. XXVc.—The North:
The great coal field of France lies in the provinces of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. It is an extension of the Belgian deposit and extends from the border to beyond Bethune; the city of Valenciennes may be regarded as a center. The developments in Pas-de-Calais are rather recent. An extension of the Nord coal fields has been exploited at depths ranging from 2300 to 4000 feet, and the French steel works have taken advantage of the new discoveries to acquire independent coal supplies. The coke is not of the best quality, but the Belgian is little better, and the demand has been ahead of the supply owing to the development of the iron industry in Meurthe et Moselle, so that although there are now 2000 coke ovens in operation and many more in process of erection, the price of fuel in France has been almost prohibitive. In the year 1900 coal retailed in Paris at $15 per ton and coke for foundry use as high as $10. These prices, which were exceptionally high even for France, encouraged imports in spite of a duty of 25 cents per ton, and coal from the United States entered Mediterranean ports, while England sent 6,000,000 tons of fuel, including coal and coke, and Germany supplied considerable coke. Belgian and English fuel is im-